This article is about the plant genus. For therapeutic use, see Medical cannabis. For the psychoactive drug, see Cannabis (drug).
Cannabis (/ˈkænəbɪs/) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae. The number of species within the genus is disputed. Three species may be recognized: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. Alternatively, Cannabis ruderalis may be included within Cannabis sativa, all three may be treated as subspecies of Cannabis sativa, or Cannabis sativa may be accepted as a single undivided species. The genus is widely accepted as being indigenous to and originating from Asia.
The plant is also known as hemp, although this term is often used to refer only to varieties of Cannabis cultivated for non-drug use. Cannabis has long been used for hemp fibre, hemp seeds and their oils, hemp leaves for use as vegetables and as juice, medicinal purposes, and as a recreational drug. Industrial hemp products are made from cannabis plants selected to produce an abundance of fibre. Various cannabis strains have been bred, often selectively to produce high or low levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a cannabinoid and the plant’s principal psychoactive constituent. Compounds such as hashish and hash oil are extracted from the plant